This graphic combines Dr. Ruben Puentedura's SAMR model with Bloom's Taxonomy. It starts with simple substitution (ex. exchanging pencil & paper writing for typing) at the bottom and progresses to redefinition (ex. students collaborating to create multimedia videos) at the top of the ladder. The bottom rungs show how technology enhances learning, whereas the top rungs show how technology transforms it.
"Most educators are familiar with Bloom's Taxonomy... This updated version aims to expand upon the skills associated with each level as technology becomes a more ingrained – and essential - part of learning."
Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) is a framework that identifies the knowledge teachers need to teach effectively with technology. This model visualizes the interplay between Technological Knowledge, Pedagogical Knowledge (teaching skills), and Content Knowledge. It also emphasizes the new kinds of knowledge that lie at the intersections between them.